From next year, the Confederations Cup will be renamed Billy Jane Gold Cup.
The NBA Finals is in full swing. Mrs. King once watched the Lakers game.
50 years ago, in pursuit of equality, 9 female tennis players gambled on their professional careers. Their courage changed the development process of professional tennis, and the WTA was established immediately afterwards. 50 years later, WTA has become the world's most well-known women's professional international sports organization. The total prize money of all competitions in the 2019 season has reached a record $180 million.
50年前，为了追求平等，有9位女网球运动员为自己的职业生涯赌博。他们的勇气改变了职业网球的发展过程，WTA随即成立。 50年后，WTA成为世界上最著名的女子专业国际体育组织。 2019赛季所有比赛的总奖金达到创纪录的1.8亿美元。
50 years later, 9 founders were nominated for Outstanding Contribution Award by the International Tennis Hall of Fame. The most important team competition Confederations Cup for women's tennis has also announced its name change. It will be named after one of the nine founders and the first chairman of the WTA, Billy Jean King.
50年后，有9位创始人被国际网球名人堂提名为杰出贡献奖。女子网球最重要的团体比赛联合会杯也宣布了更名。它将以WTA的九位创始人之一和第一任主席Billy Jean King的名字命名。
9 founders signed "1 USD contract"
In the history of tennis, 1968 has a watershed significance. After this is the era of the open tournament as we know it, professional players can participate in the four majors since then, and the debate about equal pay for equal work between men and women began.
In the competition at that time, the ratio of men's and women's bonuses was very different, and the phenomenon of different pay for equal work caused dissatisfaction among many female players. Billy Jane King, known as the pioneer of women's tennis, said that the core problem of inequality is that male players cannot accept this equality in their hearts.
在当时的比赛中，男女奖金的比例差别很大，同领航彩票官网下载工同酬的现象引起了许多女运动员的不满。被称为女子网球先驱者的比利·简·金（Billy Jane King）说，不平等的核心问题是男性运动员无法接受这种平等的心态。
Where there is injustice, there is resistance. Nine famous female players at the time responded to the call of Gladys Heideman, the founder of World Tennis Magazine, and began to work hard for equality between men and women. The 9 players are: Billy Jane King, Casas, Richie, Dalton, Reid, Julie Heideman, Pezhen, Buckwitz, Zegen Fusi. In the history of women's tennis, they are respected as the legendary "9 founders".
On September 23, 1970, these nine players signed the famous "1 USD contract" with Heideman and announced their participation in the invitational tournament held in Houston with a total prize of 7,500 USD.
The struggle of the 9 founders caused shock in the tennis world. Some organizations are planning to ban them, saying that they will be banned from participating in the majors, and then their world rankings will be cancelled. However, the 9 founders did not change their original intentions and tried little by little to fight for the rights and interests of female athletes.
The women's tennis struggle attracted the attention of some sponsors, and then a series of events were organized one after another. In 1973, Billy Jane King, the most prestigious and successful of the nine founders, defeated Riggs 2-1 and won the most famous gender battle in history. "If I can’t win the game, I think the women’s game Fifty years back.” In the same year, the WTA International Women’s Tennis Association was established, with Billy Jane King as its first chairman.
女子网球比赛引起了一些赞助商的注意，然后又组织了一系列活动。 1973年，九个创始人中最负盛名和最成功的比利·简·金击败里格斯2-1，赢得了历史上最著名领航彩票登录的性别大战。 “如果我不能赢得比赛，我认为那是五十年前的女子比赛。”同年，WTA国际女子网球协会成立，比利·简·金（Billy Jane King）担任第一任主席。
In a certain sense, the history of the establishment of WTA can also be said to be a feminist movement. Today, WTA is the world's leading women's professional sports organization.
Set up a Courage Award to commemorate the founder
On September 24, the International Tennis Hall of Fame announced the list of candidates for 2021, and 9 founders were nominated for the Outstanding Contribution Award as a group.
"The brave actions of the nine founders created opportunities for female tennis players to compete on the court, allowing them to have a professional tennis career." Stan Smith, president of the International Tennis Hall of Fame, said that it was the 50th anniversary of the time, looking back on the past half. Over the past century, because of their courage, tennis has achieved great success.
Since its establishment in 1954, the Outstanding Contribution Award of the International Tennis Hall of Fame every four years has been given to individuals before this, to recognize those great pioneers and visionary leaders who have had a profound influence on tennis. The 9 founders broke the Hall of Fame convention this year and became the first group nominated for the Outstanding Contribution Award.
This is not the first time that 9 founder members have been nominated as members of the Tennis Hall of Fame. As early as 1987, Billy Jane King was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in his own name. "50 years ago, I was honored to fight side by side with these 8 women. I saw that the 9 founders of that year were able to get international I'm very excited for the recognition of the Tennis Hall of Fame."
这不是9位创始人首次被提名为网球名人堂成员。早在1987年，比利·简·金就以自己的名字入选国际网球名人堂。 “ 50年前，我很荣幸与这8名女性并肩作战。我看到那年的9位创始人能够获得国际声誉，我为获得网球名人堂的荣誉感到非常兴奋。”
"Today's players are fulfilling our dreams." Mrs. King hopes that every generation of players in the future will have three things: first they have a competitive stage; secondly, they will be recognized because of their performance rather than their appearance; and finally they can be professional Tennis makes a living.
To commemorate the 9 founders, WTA decided to set up the Courage Award on September 26. This award will be awarded to those players who uphold the courage of the 9 founders and Heideman. The award will be awarded every year. WTA President Lawler said that in the 1970s, for the future of women's tennis, the nine founders used their careers to bet, "Today we are lucky enough to live in their dreams."
Confederations Cup changed its name to pay tribute to Mrs. Kim
On September 17, the International Tennis Federation announced that the Confederations Cup will be renamed the Billy Jane Gold Cup next year. This is the first large-scale world team event named after a woman.
Confederations Cup was founded in 1963. It is the most important women’s tennis team competition. A total of 116 teams participated this season. Starting next year, the Confederations Cup will be officially renamed Billy Jane Jinbei to pay tribute to Mrs. Jin, the nine representative figures of the founders.
The 76-year-old Mrs. King is one of the greatest female tennis players in history. She has won 11 Grand Slam singles titles, 16 women's doubles titles and 11 mixed doubles titles in her career.
"From participating in the first Confederations Cup as a member of the U.S. team in 1963 and winning multiple championships, to establishing WTA as the first chairman, Mrs. King has never stopped pioneering." ITF Chairman David Hagerty , The new name of the event is a tribute to Mrs. King’s achievements, which will inspire future generations of players for a long time.
从1963年以美国队成员的身份参加第一届联合会杯并赢得多个冠军以来，金特夫人一直担任首任主席，一直致力于开拓事业。” ITF主席David Hagerty，该活动的新名称是对King夫人取得的成就的敬意，这将在很长一段时间内激励后代球员。
Katrina Adams, chair of the Confederations Cup Committee and chair of the ITF Gender Equality Committee, said that this rebranding is an important moment for women’s tennis. “The Davis Cup is named after a man. It needs to be named after a woman, and I can’t think of anyone more suitable for this award than Ms. Jin."
联合会杯委员会主席兼ITF性别平等委员会主席卡特里娜·亚当斯（Katrina Adams）表领航彩票官网下载示，品牌重塑对于女子网球来说是重要的时刻。 “戴维斯杯赛以一个男人的名字命名。它必须以女人的名字命名，我想不出比金女士更适合这个奖项的人。”
As a player or team leader, Mrs. Jin has won the Confederations Cup 10 times, an unprecedented record. "It is an honor to be named for the women's tennis team competition, and it is also a responsibility that I will not despise." Mrs. King said, there is nothing better than representing the country and being a member of the team. This is the federation. One of the reasons why the cup is so important.
This season, the Confederations Cup reforms the game system. The 12 best performing teams will compete for the championship in Budapest. From 2021, the new Billy Jane Gold Cup will provide the same prize amount (20 million US dollars) as the Davis Cup.
Writer/Beijing News Chief Correspondent Sun Haiguang